In 2014, 78% of the new HIV cases in Malaysia are transmitted via sex with a total new cases of 3,517. For 2014 – 9 new infection took place every day. Ratios : Injecting Drug Users – 19%, Man having Sex with Man - 30% and Heterosexuals – 50%.
An alarming increase in the number of HIV/AIDS cases among Malaysian youths, especially those aged between 20 and 30. 78.8 per cent of new cases involves youths who are between 20 and 30 years old.
HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is the virus that causes AIDS. HIV attacks the body’s immune system, making it weak and less able to fight off diseases. When a person is confirmed to have been infected by HIV, the person is said to be HIV positive (HIV+). This does not necessarily mean that the person has AIDS.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is the name given to a group of illnesses, which occur in HIV+ people as a result of a weakened immune system.
THE human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks other living cells and makes copies of itself. Although an infected individual feels well, the virus actively infects and destroys cells of the immune system, which are constantly being produced.
The number of cells of the immune system are slowly reduced, and after a number of years, the immune system is weakened and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) develops. A person infected by HIV can infect other people, irrespective of whether there are symptoms or not.
The methods of transmission of HIV infection are blood-to-blood-infection with contaminated syringes and needles; unsafe sexual practices, i.e. sex without condoms; a mother infecting her baby during pregnancy, labour or through breast milk after childbirth; and transfusions of contaminated blood. All donated blood in Malaysia is tested for HIV, so this route of infection is extremely unlikely.
Serious illnesses that may result from HIV infection include those that are normally prevented by the body’s immune system. They include tuberculosis (TB), pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, fungal infections, and cancers. These are called opportunistic infections because they take advantage of the weakened immune system.
Children living with HIV are known to develops infections, it vary by age and individual child, but following are some of the more common symptoms:
Failure to thrive, which is the failure to gain weight or grow according to standardized growth charts used by paediatrician.
Failure to reach developmental milestones during the expected time frame.
Brain or nervous system problems, characterized by seizures, difficulty with walking, or poor performance in school.
Frequent childhood illnesses such as ear infections, colds, upset stomach, and diarrhoea.
They have infections that rarely affect healthy baby but can be deadly for baby whose immune systems aren’t working properly.
We plead and need all your help to raise HIV awareness. The good news of HIV is, HIV IS PREVENTABLE. This is a message of HOPE that all needs to hear. May we together face His task and to take up His Cross. “Together we can make the difference”.
The day Wong left the hospital was the most grievous day for him. He had no home to return to, upon his diagnosis of latent tuberculosis and HIV. But this is the time when Wong needed his family the most in keeping his sickness under control. With his scrawny and feeble body, – This, is his story …
Abstinence: The ABC approach encourages young adults to delay “sexual debut” (age of first sexual intercourse), to use abstinence until marriage, the most effective way to avoid HIV infection.
Be Faithful: In addition to abstinence, to eliminate casual or other concurrent sex partners and to practice fidelity within marriages and other sexual relationships. This reduces exposure to HIV.
Use a Condom: The final component to the ABC approach is “correct and consistent condom use.”
Being tested regularly is NOT going to help. Knowing what to do to prevent HIV is what saves lives, including knowing how to have safe sex.
Growing instances of disease, unwanted pregnancies and repeated abortions are the consequences of young people who are paying less attention to safe sex. The younger they are, the less likely they are to take precautions.
It’s only natural that when the mood strikes, the last thing on your mind is the need for safer sex. The thought is that safer sex can’t be spontaneous, exciting, or feel good. Nothing could be further from the truth.
For many, the only concern before having sex is the risk of pregnancy. Others believe that only one time is no risk at all. Unfortunately, both premises are wrong. Unsafe sex carries a multitude of risks, HIV transmission, sexually transmitted diseases, …
The Impact of HIV/AIDS on Young People – most of infected youth are unaware of their status, and are unknowingly passing the virus on to others. Main mode of youth infections are through sexual contact.
Crisis Home – “When written in Chinese the word “crisis” is composed of two characters one represents danger and the other represents opportunity.” ~ John F. Kennedy, 35th President of the United States of America